Center for Freshwater Ecology

Research Group of Ecological Stoichiometry




PI: Prof. XU Jun, PhD

Members: Zhang Xiaolin, Sha Yongcui, Su Guohuan, Yao Xiaoyan, Xiong Ying, Liu Yongli, He Meng, Su Xiyang, Li Baomin, Li Juan, Yu Chen, Cai Qingwu, Li Chao, (Graduated students: Zhang Huan, Zhang Peiyu, Zhang Huan, Wu Gongguo, Yang Qiang)   

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General Introduction:  

Focusing on ecological stoichiometry, aquatic food web interactions and biodiversity, the Research Group of Ecological Stoichiometry studies on how structure and function of aquatic ecosystem respond to environmental changes.  

Researchers from this group have constructed food webs for lakes in the Yangtze, the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau and Tibet Plateau, and studied food chain length, omnivory, benthic-pleagic coupling, littoral food webs in both eutrophic and oligotrophic lake ecosystems. Meanwhile, they have also explored the carbon utilization by algae, diet shift, bioaccumulation, and parasitism in aquatic animals.  

Currently this group has 19 members, including researchers, research assistants, postdocs, PhD candidates, master students and joint students from universities. To date, they have published 136 papers in peer-reviewed journals (93 in SCI and 43 in Chinese journals), undertaken 30 projects, including the National Key S&T Special Projects and R&D Projects, and projects supported by the National Research Foundation of China. 

On-going projects: 

 * Interactions between properties of regional food webs and biodiversity, including aquatic food webs and functional diversity of lakes in Eastern plain, Tibet Plateau and Rivers in Yangtze 

* Climate change impacts on freshwater ecosystem functions. The project is aiming to understand how warming and extreme climate impact stoichiometry, energy transfer efficiency on algae, macrophytes, gastropods and fish 

* Ecological trophic niche of individual and population, to study their interactions with density of population, life-history traits, individual behavior, resource use efficiency and abundance 

* Ecological restoration application in aquatic ecosystems, carry out ecosystem healthy assessment, detecting ecological corridors, ecosystem safety evaluation and environmental policy suggestions. 

Recent Publications: 

Xu, J., Cao, T., Zhang, M., Li, Z., Zhang, M., Ni, L., & Xie, P. (2011). Isotopic turnover of a submersed macrophyte following transplant: the roles of growth and metabolism in eutrophic conditions. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 25, 3267-3273.  

Xu, J., Li, S., & Xie, P. (2005). Differences in δ13C and δ15N of particulate organic matter from the deep oligotrophic Lake Fuxian connected with the shallow eutrophic Lake Xingyun, People's Republic of China. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 74(2), 281-285.  

Xu, J., Su, G., Xiong, Y., Akasaka, M., García Molinos, J., Matsuzaki, S.-i., & Zhang, M. (2015). Complimentary analysis of metacommunity nestedness and diversity partitioning highlights the need for a holistic conservation strategy for highland lake fish assemblages. Global Ecology and Conservation, 3(0), 288-296. doi: 

Xu, J., Wen, Z., Gong, Z., Zhang, M., Xie, P., & Hansson, L.-A. (2012). Seasonal trophic niche shift and cascading effect of a generalist predator fish. Plos One, DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0049691.  

Xu, J., Wen, Z., Ke, Z., Zhang, M., Zhang, M., Guo, N., . . . Xie, P. (2014). Contrasting energy pathways at the community-level as a consequence from regime shifts. Oecologia, DOI: 10.1007/s00442-013-2878-2.  

Xu, J., & Xie, P. (2004). Studies on the food web structure of Lake Donghu using stable carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 19(4), 645-650.  

Xu, J., Xie, P., & Qin, J. (2008). Diel isotopic fluctuation in surface seston and its physiological and ecological implications. Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology, 44(3), 197-201.  

Xu, J., Xie, P., Zhang, M., & Yang, H. (2005). Variation in stable isotope signatures of seston and a zooplanktivorous fish in a eutrophic Chinese lake. Hydrobiologia, 541(1), 215-220.  

Xu, J., Xie, P., Zhang, M., Zhou, Q., Zhang, L., Wen, Z., & Cao, T. (2007). Icefish (Salangidae) as an indicator of anthropogenic pollution in freshwater systems using nitrogen isotope analysis. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 79(3), 323-326.  

Xu, J., Yang, Q., Zhang, M., Zhang, M., Xie, P., & Hansson, L.-A. (2011). Preservation effects on stable isotope ratios and consequences for reconstruction of energetic pathways. Aquatic Ecology, 45, 483-492.  

Xu, J., Zhang, H., Cai, Y., García Molinos, J., & Zhang, M. (2016). Optimal response to habitat linkage of local fish diversity and mean trophic level. Limnology and Oceanography, 10.1002/lno.10313.  

Xu, J., & Zhang, M. (2012). Primary consumers as bioindicator of nitrogen pollution in lake planktonic and benthic food webs. Ecological Indicators, 14, 189-196.  

Xu, J., Zhang, M., & Xie, P. (2007). Size-related shifts in reliance on benthic and pelagic food webs by lake anchovy. Ecoscience, 14(2), 170-177.  

Xu, J., Zhang, M., & Xie, P. (2007a). Stable carbon isotope variations in surface bloom scum and subsurface seston among shallow eutrophic lakes. Harmful Algae, 6(5), 679-685.  

Xu, J., Zhang, M., & Xie, P. (2007b). Trophic relationship between the parasitic isopod Ichthyoxenus japonensis and the fish Carassius auratus auratus as revealed by stable isotopes. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 22(2), 333-338.  

Xu, J., Zhang, M., & Xie, P. (2008). Stable isotope changes in freshwater shrimps (Exopalaemon modestus and Macrobrachium nipponensis): trophic pattern implications. Hydrobiologia, 605(1), 45-54.  

Xu, J., Zhang, M., & Xie, P. (2011). Sympatric variability of isotopic baselines influences modeling of fish trophic patterns. Limnology, 12, 107-115. doi: 10.1007/s10201-010-0327-z 

Cai, Y., Xue, Q., Xu, J., Zhang, L., Gong, Z., & Acharya, K. (2016). Widespread natural intraspecific variation in tissue stoichiometryof two freshwater molluscs: Effect of nutrient enrichment. Ecological Indicators, 66, 583-591.  

Cai, Y., Zhang, Y., Wu, Z., Chen, Y., Xu, J., & Gong, Z. (2016). Composition, diversity, and environmental correlates of benthic macroinvertebrate communities in the five largest freshwater lakes of China. Hydrobiologia, DOI 10.1007/s10750-10016-12989-y.  

Cao, T., Ni, L., Xie, P., Xu, J., & Zhang, M. (2011). Effects of moderate ammonium enrichment on three submersed macrophytes under contrasting light availability. Freshwater Biology, 56, 1620-1629.  

Cao, T., Xie, P., Li, Z., Ni, L., Zhang, M., & Xu, J. (2009). Physiological stress of high NH4+ concentration in water column on the submersed macrophyte Vallisneria Natans L. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 82(3), 296-299.  

Cao, T., Xie, P., Ni, L., Wu, A., Zhang, M., & Xu, J. (2008). Relationships among the contents of total phenolics, soluble carbohydrate, and free amino acids of 15 aquatic macrophytes. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 23(2), 291-296.  

Cao, T., Xie, P., Ni, L., Zhang, M., & Xu, J. (2009). Carbon and nitrogen metabolism of an eutrophication tolerative macrophyte, Potamogeton crispus, under NH4+ stress and low light availability. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 66(1), 74-78.  

Chen, J., Xie, P., Li, L., & Xu, J. (2009). First identification of the hepatotoxic microcystins in the serum of a chronically exposed human population together with indication of hepatocellular damage. Toxicological sciences, 108(1), 81-89.  

Fu, H., Zhong, J., Yuan, G., Xie, P., Guo, L., Zhang, X., . . . Ni, L. (2014). Trait-based community assembly of aquatic macrophytes along a water depth gradient in a freshwater lake. Freshwater Biology, 59, 2462–2471.  

Geng, H., Xie, P., & Xu, J. (2006). Effect of toxic Microcystis aeruginosa PCC7820 in combination with a green alga on the experimental population of Brachionus calyciflorus and B. rubens. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 76(6), 963-969.  

Ke, Z., Xie, P., Huang, L., & Xu, J. (2010). Predation risk perception in Daphnia carinata induced by the milt of common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 25(3), 467-473.  

Li, S., Xie, P., Xu, J., Li, L., Liang, G., & Zheng, L. (2007). Tissue distribution of microcystins in bighead carp via intraperitoneal injection. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 79(3), 297-300.  

Li, S., Xie, P., Xu, J., Zhang, X., Qin, J., Zheng, L., & Liang, G. (2007). Factors shaping the pattern of seasonal variations of microcystins in Lake Xingyun, a subtropical plateau lake in China. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 78(3-4), 226-230.  

Li, Z., Kong, L., Yang, L., Zhang, M., Cao, T., Xu, J., . . . Lei, Y. (2011). Effect of substrate grain size on the growth and morphology of the submersed macrophyte Vallisneria natans L. Limnologica, 42, 81-85.  

Li, Z., Wang, S., L, K., Zhang, M., Cao, T., & Xu, J. (2011). Suppressed growth of the submersed macrophyte Vallisneria natans in a non-rooted suspended state. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 26, 423-428.  

Li, Z., Xu, J., Cao, T., Ni, L., & Xie, P. (2010). Adaptive responses of a floating-leaved macrophyte, Nymphoides peltata, to a terrestrial habitat. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 25(3), 481-488.  

Li, Z., Yang, L., Lu, W., Guo, W., Gong, X., Xu, J., & Yu, D. (2015). Spatial patterns of leaf carbon, nitrogen stoichiometry and stable carbon isotope composition of Ranunculus natans C.A. Mey. (Ranunculaceae) in the arid zone of northwest China. Ecological Engineering, 77(0), 9-17. doi: 

Li, Z., Yu, D., & Xu, J. (2011). Adaptation to water level variation: responses of a floating - leaved macrophyte Nymphoides peltata to a terrestrial habitat. Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology, 47(1), 97-102.  

Li, Z., Zhang, M., Cao, T., Zhang, M., Ni, L., Xie, P., & Xu, J. (2011). Variation in stable isotope signatures of the submersed macrophyte Vallisneria natans colleted from several shallow lakes in China. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 26, 429-433.  

Qin, J., Xu, J., & Xie, P. (2007). Diet overlap between the endemic fish Anabarilius grahami (Cyprinidae) and the exotic noodlefish Neosalanx taihuensis(Salangidae) in Lake Fuxian, China. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 22(3), 365-370.  

Sha, S., Su, G., Zhang, P., Zhang, H., & Xu, J. (2015). Diverse Dietary Strategy of Lake Anchovy Coilia ectenes taihuensis in Lakes with Different Trophic Status. Journal of Ichthyology, 55(6), 866-873.  

Su, G., Xu, J., Akasaka, M., García Molinos, J., & Matsuzaki, S.-i. (2015). Human impacts on functional and taxonomic homogenization of plateau fish assemblages in Yunnan, China. Global Ecology and Conservation, 4, 470-478.  

Wang, Y., Xiao, X., Yu, X., Xu, J., Cai, Y., & Lei, G. (2016). Resource availability determines food chain length in Chinese subtropical rivers. Aquatic Ecology, DOI 10.1007/s10452-016-9567-2.  

Wang, Y., Xu, J., Yu, X., & Lei, G. (2014). Fishing down or fishing up in Chinese freshwater lakes. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 21, 374-382.  

Wang, Y., Yu, X., Li, W., Xu, J., Chen, Y., & Fan, N. (2011). Potential influence of water level changes on the energy flows in a lake food web. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2794-2802.  

Wang, Y., Yu, X., & Xu, J. (2011). Decreased trophic position as a function of increasing body size of a benthic omnivorous fish from the largest freshwater lake in China. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 91, 505-512.  

Wen, Z., Xie, P., & Xu, J. (2009). Contributions of pelagic and benthic dietary sources to freshwater mussels: evidence from stable carbon isotope analysis. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 24(3), 425-430.  

Wen, Z., Xie, P., & Xu, J. (2010). Mussel isotope signature as indicator of nutrient pollution in a freshwater eutrophic lake: species, spatial, and seasonal variability. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 163(1), 139-147.  

Wu, S., Wang, S., Yang, H., Xie, P., Ni, L., & Xu, J. (2008). Field studies on the environmental factors in controlling microcystin production in the subtropical shallow lakes of the Yangtze River. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 80(4), 329-334.  

Yang, H., Xie, P., Ke, Z., Liu, Y., Wu, S., Xu, J., & Guo, L. (2006). The Impact of planktivorous fishes on microcystin concentrations in Meiliang Bay, Lake Taihu, China. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 21(4), 721-723.  

Yang, H., Xie, P., Xu, J., Zheng, L., Deng, D., Zhou, Q., & Wu, S. (2006). Seasonal variation of microcystin concentration in Lake Chaohu, a shallow subtropical lake in the People's Republic of China. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 77(3), 367-374.  

Yang, Q., Xie, P., Shen, H., Xu, J., Wang, P., & Zhang, B. (2012). A novel flushing strategy for diatom-bloom prevention in the lower-middle Hanjiang River. Water Research, 46, 2525-2534.  

Yao, X., Huang, G., Xie, P., & Xu, J. (2016). Trophic niche differences between coexisting omnivores silver carp and bighead carp in a pelagic food web. Ecological Research, 31, 831-839.  

Yu, H., Liu, Y., Xu, J., & Niu, Y. (2015). Variations in stable carbon isotopic compositions of aquatic macrophytes in eutrophic lakes in China. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 24, 11 - 18.  

Zhang, H., Ekvall, M. K., Xu, J., & Hansson, L.-A. (2015). Counteracting effects of recruitment and predation shape establishment of rotifer communities under climate change Limnology and Oceanography, doi: 10.1002/lno.10122.  

Zhang, H., Wu, G., Zhang, H., Xie, P., Xu, J., & Zhou, Q. (2013). Role of body size and temporal hydrology in the dietary shifts of shortjaw tapertail anchovy Coilia brachygnathus (Actinopterygii, Engraulidae) in a large floodplain lake. Hydrobiologia, 703, 247-256.  

Zhang, H., Zhang, H., Wu, G., Zhang, P., & Xu, J. (2013). Trophic fingerprint of fish communities in subtropical floodplain lakes. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, doi: 10.1111/eff.12022.  

Zhang, L., Xu, J., Xie, P., Zang, X., Qiu, G., & Zeng, J. (2007). Stable isotope variations in particulate organic matter and a planktivorous fish in the Yangtze River. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 22(3), 383-386.  

Zhang, L., Zang, X., Xu, J., Xie, P., Zhu, Z., & Su, J. (2007). Mercury bioaccumulation in fishes of three gorges reservoir after impoundment. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 78(3-4), 262-264.  

Zhang, M., Cao, T., Ni, L., Xie, P., Zhu, G., Zhong, A., . . . Fu, H. (2011). Light-dependent phosphate uptake of a submersed macrophyte Myriophyllum spicatum L. Aquatic Botany, 94, 151-157.  

Zhang, M., Wang, Z., Xu, J., Liu, Y., Ni, L., Cao, T., & Xie, P. (2011). Effects of microcystins and ammonia toxicity on antioxidant activity and C, N metabolites of aquatic macrophytes in a Chinese shallow lake. Chemosphere, 82, 329-339.  

Zhang, M., Xie, P., Xu, J., Liu, B., & Yang, H. (2006). The regulation mechanisms of internal P-loading in the large shallow Lake Chaohu. Chinese Science Bulletin, 49(19), 72-81.  

Zhang, M., Xu, J., & Hansson, L.-A. (2015). Local environment overrides regional climate influence on regime shift in a north temperate lake. Aquatic Ecology, 49, 105-113.  

Zhang, M., Xu, J., & Xie, P. (2007). Metals in surface sediments of large shallow eutrophic lake Chaohu, China. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 79(2), 242-245.  

Zhang, M., Xu, J., & Xie, P. (2008). Nitrogen dynamics in large shallow eutrophic Lake Chaohu, China. Environmental Geology, 55(1), 1-8.  

Zhang, M., Zhou, Y., Xie, P., Xu, J., Li, J., Zhu, D., & Xia, T. (2004). Impacts of cage-culture of Oreochromis niloticus on organic matter content, fractionation and sorption of phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatase activity in a hypereutrophic lake, People's Republic of China. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 73(5), 927-932.  

Zhang, P., Bakker, E. S., Zhang, M., & Xu, J. (2016). Effects of warming on Potamogeton crispus growth and tissuestoichiometry in the growing season. Aquatic Botany, 128, 13-17.  

Zhang, P., Tang, H., Gong, Z., Xie, P., & Xu, J. (2013). Phytoplankton abundance constrains planktonic energy subsidy to benthic food web. Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography, 4,  

Zhang, Z., Liu, L., Xie, C., Li, D., Xu, J., Zhang, M., & Zhang, M. (2014). Lipid contents, fatty acid profiles and nutritional quality of nine wild caught freshwater fish species of the Yangtze Basin, China. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 2, 388-394.  

Zhang, Z., Zhang, M., Xu, J., & Li, D. (2014). Balanced fatty acid intake benefits and mercury exposure risks: an integrated analysis of chinese commercial freshwater fish and potential guidelines for consumption. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, DOI: 10.1080/10807039.10802014.10920226.  

Zhou, Q., Xie, P., Xu, J., Ke, Z., & Guo, L. (2009). Growth and food availability of silver and bighead carps: evidence from stable isotope and gut content analysis. Aquaculture Research, 40(14), 1616-1625.  

Zhou, Q., Xie, P., Xu, J., Ke, Z., Guo, L., & Cao, T. (2009). Seasonal variations in stable isotope ratios of two biomanipulation fishes and seston in a large pen culture in hypereutrophic Meiliang Bay, Lake Taihu. Ecological Engineering, 35(11), 1603-1609.  

Zhou, Q., Xie, P., Xu, J., Liang, X., Qin, J., Cao, T., & Chen, F. (2011). Seasonal trophic shift of littoral consumers in eutrophic lake Taihu (China) revealed by a two-source mixing model. TheScientificWorldJOURNAL, 11, 1442-1454. doi: DOI 10.1100/tsw.2011.134